Guerrilla Camping for Canoeists and Kayakers

Guerrilla camping campsite

I awoke with a start, not due to loud rumbling, but due to the ground shaking under my sleeping bag.  It was 3:30am and a heavily laden freight train was headed north on tracks located just across the river, less than 30 yards from my tent.  We were guerrilla camping along the Tioughnioga River in upstate New York paralleled by a little used railroad line.  It was the only train we heard or saw during our trip down river, but its timing was exquisite.

After the train passed I snoozed a little and then got up to the sounds of wild turkeys coming off their roosts on the nearby hillside.  My companions and I cooked breakfast, enjoyed a cup of coffee, packed our gear and were on the river paddling by8am, continuing our May multi-day trip downstream to our take-out at Chenango Forks.

guerrilla camping on a river

What is Guerrilla Camping? Sometimes referred to as stealth camping or ninja camping, guerrilla camping is simply camping where you aren’t supposed to, usually for one night, while making great efforts to leave no evidence of your presence either during your stay or after you leave.

The Popularity of Guerrilla Camping. Guerrilla, stealth or gypsy camping is popularly practiced by cross country cyclists and backpackers; less commonly by RVers and urban campers.  In the United Kingdom, it’s called “Wild Camping”.  My RV acquaintance calls it “boondocking” when staying in rural areas or “wallydocking” when he parks his VW van for an illicit stay at a WalMart or similar retail parking lot.

There are web sites and forums which discuss guerrilla camping but the practice is less commonly talked about among paddlers.  This is likely due to the greater flexibility in which hikers and cyclists can alter their route to take advantage of ad hoc camping opportunities and the greater ease in which they can hide/camouflage their gear.

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Websites and forums that discuss the phenomenon, relate past experiences and offer tips include:

Why Guerrilla Camp? There are several reasons why I prefer guerrilla camping over a typical public or private campground.

  • Camping in a hidden corner is usually quieter than a developed campsite.  At public campsites you can get stuck with noisy neighbors while guerrilla camping the chance of being bothered by other people is slim.
  • Most commonly used campgrounds have wildlife (e.g. crows, raccoons, skunks, chipmunks and squirrels) habituated to free food.  While some campers may find them cute, I find them annoying.
  • Stealth camping is a cleaner and quieter way to camp.  In all likelihood no one has camped at your impromptu stealth-site before and the ground will be pristine.

Use of guerrilla camping tactics provides multi-day paddling trips that would otherwise only be accessible for day trips.  In Upstate New York, where I live, the southern tier is crossed by several long flat water rivers.  The Susquehanna, Chenango, Unadilla, Tioughnioga Rivers provide opportunities for trips from 40 – 90+ miles – if you can find campsites along the way.

These islands in the Susquehanna River are worth inspecting.
These islands in the Susquehanna River are worth inspecting.

Where To Guerrilla Camp.  A good guerrilla campsite should be out of sight of housing, not on developed land such as a golf course (you would be surprised how early those crazy golfers start), not on land that is marked ‘No Camping’ or ‘No Trespassing’ and away from roads and footpaths.  Look to avoid “party sites” by checking for trash and staying away from areas offering easy car access.  Avoid field entrances, parking sites and roadside pullovers which can be easily checked.

Favorite sites include islands, wooded stream tributaries, railroad right of ways, farmer’s back forty and old bridge crossings which are no longer operational but where right of way issues may still be confused.

Finding these sites in an unfamiliar area requires pre-trip research.  In addition to consulting USGS topographic maps and Google Maps search for alternative imagery sources such as:

This wooded tributary may provide a secluded campsite.
This wooded tributary may provide a secluded campsite.

These reference sites have different data source licensing agreements and frequently have different imagery.  You may discover camping sites such as the wooded tributary shown to the right.

Other camping possibilities include parks or baseball fields, cemeteries, rural churches or fairgrounds, but these carry a higher risk of detection. You should check with local authorities for these locations. In smaller towns, law enforcement will often allow camping for small groups if there is no nearby campground.

When to Guerrilla Camp.  The peak outdoor activity months of June, July and August also provide the greatest risks for detection.  Farmers are working their fields, fishermen are accessing favorite fishing spots, and river side camps become occupied.  Consider an early spring or late fall trip down river to help avoid detection.

How To Guerrilla Camp.  The cardinal rule of guerrilla camping is to not attract unwanted attention.  Plan your paddling schedule to arrive at your planned site late and leave early.  Cook meals away from the intended campsite.  Don’t start a fire and adhere to Leave No Trace principles.  Use of hammocks can reduce your overnight impact.  When you leave your site there should be no signs of habitation.

Potential Pitfalls of Guerrilla Camping.  At a typical camp ground you do have the opportunity to meet other people, take showers, do laundry and buy supplies.  Stealth camping may impose limitations on your camping experience that might make it unacceptable to you.

Of course there is always the risk of detection.  If asked by a land owner to move on do it right away without argument so you are not trespassingIf you damage property including agricultural crops you are liable for civil suits.

Conclusion.  Guerrilla camping isn’t for the faint hearted or the inexperienced camper.  Guerrilla camping requires rigorous attention to Leave No Trace principles and generally requires more research and pre-planning.  Attention to the details of the trip will make the difference between having a secret and secure camp site and having a long tiring paddle to finish out a trip.

Jim Muller is a Leave No Trace Master Educator. He has been an American Canoe Association Certified Paddling and Basic River Instructor for kayaks, solo and tandem canoes.  He enjoys canoeing during warm months and winter camping ( during the cold months.


  • What about gun-toting landowners? Lot of discussion on Castle Doctrine recently. Do you feel like that could be of concern?

  • I am reminded how privileged I am to live and paddle in an area where I can, legally, camp where I want to (more or less). My region has crown land along the waterways and most areas are not yet so developed or in the hands of private owners as to be greatly restricting with respect to finding a place to set up my tent.

    I would add another reason for avoiding public camprgounds to your list – in my experience they are very poorly designed for tents. Gravel, mud, poor drainage, trees removed so it becomes difficult to erect a tarp, all contribute to some horrendous provincial park and regional park campsites for those who do not sleep in a motorhome. I would much rather select my own spot that better suits my needs.

    Bryan S.

  • Very interesting concept. Never heard of it before!

  • paddled the Tioghnioga last weekend (and the one before!) – lovely stream. In general, this is a pretty friendly area for “stealth camping”; not all areas are.

  • I don’t usually comment, but I have some experience here (in some similar locations). I follow the same rule as real estate agents. Different locations have different values to the public. I try not to pick picturesque locations, as chances are, other folks are also going to value those locations. If you are able/willing to camp on less desirable land (floodplain, slopes, rocky or brush-covered areas), I think there is less chance of people taking issue with you being there. Being out of sight of others is important, but if you are also on “low value” land…that’s even better. This is where hammocks can help, as they allow you to camp on rocky, uneven ground.

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